Edward H. Nabb Research Center for Delmarva History & Culture Enduring Connections: Exploring Delmarva's Black History

Our Sources

We have transcribed and extracted from dozens of sources from organizations across Delaware, Maryland, and Virginia and brought them together here to enable researchers to discover new connections and ideas.

Here is the complete list of sources we have transcribed or extracted, with information about each to help you gauge their usefulness for your purposes. New sources will be continually added as we continue this project.


1830 U.S. Census Free Black Heads of Household

Censuses & Lists • 2,205 Records • Added July 9, 2021 • archive.org

The 1830 census of the United States recorded every head of household in the country (note: Somerset and Queen Anne's counties in Maryland are missing), with others in the household tallied by age range. This t…


1832 Census of Free Blacks in Somerset County, Maryland

Censuses & Lists • 2,213 Records • Added July 6, 2021

While the 1830 census of Somerset County, Maryland did not survive, this 1832 record of free Black people--likely recorded during the census enumeration--includes the names, ages, and genders of free people of …


1850 U.S. Census Free Blacks

Censuses & Lists • 9,781 Records • Added November 9, 2021

The 1850 census was the seventh recorded in the United States. These records include all individuals who were listed as 'Black' or 'Mulatto' in the 'Color' field that denoted racial identity. For individuals wh…


1850 U.S. Census Slave Schedule

Censuses & Lists • 9,857 Records • Added July 6, 2021

During the 1850 census, a separate 'slave schedule' enumerated the enslaved people in the United States. In most cases, enslaved people were not listed by name and instead were listed under the slaveowner by ag…


1860 U.S. Census Free Blacks

Censuses & Lists • 17,181 Records • Added July 6, 2021

1860 U.S. Census Slave Schedule

Censuses & Lists • 10,332 Records • Added July 7, 2021

Abstracts of Petitions to Southern County Courts, 1775-1867

Probate & Other Court Records • 91 Records • Added October 11, 2021

Abstracts of petitions to Southern County Courts, 1775-1867, from Series II of Race, Slavery, and Free Blacks.


Abstracts of Somerset County Orphans Court Proceedings (Volume 1), 1772-1792 and 1811-1823

Probate & Other Court Records • 153 Records • Added October 14, 2021

Accomack County Indentures, 1798-1835

Probate & Other Court Records • 104 Records • Added October 20, 2021

These indentures were transcribed by Gail M. Walczyk from the "Court Records from Wills and Deeds to Orphans Accounts" and published by Peter's Row in 2002. Individuals noted as free Blacks or notations denoti…


Accomack County, Virginia Death Register, 1853-1896

Miscellaneous • 3,887 Records • Added October 15, 2021

Transcribed and compiled by Gail M. Walczyk, this death register records the deaths of African Americans in Accomack County, Virginia between 1853 and 1896 (excepting 1861 to 1864).


Apprenticeships from the Somerset County Register of Wills (Indentures), 1864-1867

Probate & Other Court Records • 796 Records • Added October 7, 2021

Cemeteries in Linda Duyer's 'One Kind Favor' book

Cemetery • 333 Records • Added July 6, 2021

Certificates of Freedom in Somerset County

Manumission & Freedom • 1,075 Records • Added July 7, 2021

John E. Jacob Jr.'s Lower Eastern Shore Indexes and Abstracts (Somerset, Wicomico, and Worcester Counties)

Miscellaneous • 199 Records • Added October 21, 2021 • archive.org

This extraction from John Jacob Jr.'s research index provides references and abstracts of records documenting land records, court transactions, and more records in Somerset and Worcester counties (including pre…


Madison Circuit of the Delaware Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church baptismal records

Church • 221 Records • Added July 6, 2021

Madison Circuit of the Delaware Conference of the Methodist Episcopal Church marriage records

Church • 97 Records • Added July 7, 2021

Manumissions in Somerset and Worcester County Land Records, 1825-1859

Manumission & Freedom • 427 Records • Added July 7, 2021

Maryland Colonization Society Manumission Book, 1832-1860

Manumission & Freedom • 623 Records • Added August 3, 2021

Abstractions of the Record of Manumissions Reported to the Board of State Colonization Managers by the Registers of Wills and Clerks of the Several Counties of Maryland were made from MS571: Papers of the Maryl…


Marylanders Sent to Liberia, 1820-1840

Miscellaneous • 274 Records • Added October 15, 2021

Extracted from “Marylanders to Liberia” by Jerry M. Hynson, Maryland Genealogical Society Bulletin Spring 1998 Volume 39 Number 2, which abstracted data from U.S. Congress, Senate, Roll of Emigrants That ha…


Metropolitan Methodist Episcopal Church baptismal records

Church • 696 Records • Added July 7, 2021

Metropolitan Methodist Episcopal Church funeral records

Church • 93 Records • Added July 7, 2021

Metropolitan Methodist Episcopal Church marriage records

Church • 503 Records • Added July 7, 2021

Mt. Calvary United Methodist Church baptismal records

Church • 486 Records • Added July 6, 2021

Mt. Calvary United Methodist Church cemetery records

Cemetery • 169 Records • Added July 6, 2021 • archive.org

Mt. Calvary United Methodist Church marriage records

Church • 135 Records • Added July 6, 2021

Poll Books of Virginia Electors (Accomack and Northampton Counties), 1867 (Library of Virginia African American Narratives project)

Voter Registration • 1,822 Records • Added November 2, 2021 • www.virginiamemory.com

This source was extracted from data provided under Creative Commons from the Library of Virginia’s VIRGINIA UNTOLD: THE AFRICAN AMERICAN NARRATIVE project. The Library’s African American Narrative project a…


Robert Bell's Book of Slave Statistics, 1864-68 (Dorchester County, MD)

Miscellaneous • 1,464 Records • Added July 27, 2021

This abstraction comes from Robert Bell's book of slave statistics, recorded in Dorchester County, Maryland between 1864 and 1868. "A tabular statement showing the number of slaves or persons of color held to l…


Slave Sales in Somerset and Worcester County land records, 1825-1859

Probate & Other Court Records • 1,765 Records • Added July 7, 2021

Somerset County Bond Book EB28, 1805-1815

Probate & Other Court Records • 79 Records • Added October 18, 2021

This abstract was extracted from Bond Book EB 1805-1815, which was transcribed by Rebecca F. Miller in 1993 (F187.S7 B6). This abstract includes only records for people listed as "negroes," slaves, or free blac…


Somerset County Marriage Records, 1796-1871

Miscellaneous • 542 Records • Added August 2, 2021

Extracted from Roy C. Pollitt's transcription, this compilation of marriage records for Somerset County, Maryland date from November 1, 1796 to December 1871. Note that in most cases, the date recorded reflects…


USCT 19th Regiment Bounty Roll

Military • 185 Records • Added July 14, 2021

Slaves mustered into the 19th Regiment, US Colored Troops (Dorchester, Somerset, and Worcester Counties, Maryland). Compiled by Linda Duyer from original versions of the Maryland Adjutant General Civil War Must…


USCT 9th Regiment Bounty Roll

Military • 984 Records • Added July 7, 2021

These records were compiled from Linda Duyer's 'One Kind Favor - See That My Grave's Kept Clean: African American Burial Sites of Dorchester and Wicomico Counties, Maryland.' Duyer's listings were compiled dire…


Virginia Bills of Sale from Accomack County Deeds, 1701-1838 (Library of Virginia African American Narratives project)

Probate & Other Court Records • 239 Records • Added October 29, 2021 • www.virginiamemory.com

This source was extracted from data provided under Creative Commons from the Library of Virginia’s VIRGINIA UNTOLD: THE AFRICAN AMERICAN NARRATIVE project. The Library’s African American Narrative project a…


Virginia Birth Index of Slaves, 1853-1865

Miscellaneous • 1,616 Records • Added July 15, 2021

From Leslie Anderson Morales (Editor) 2007 index of this record: In 1853, the Commonwealth of Virginia began an annual registration of births and deaths. The Birth Index of Slaves, 1853-1865 was later transcrib…


Virginia Certificates of Importation from Accomack County Deeds, 1701-1838 (Library of Virginia African American Narratives project)

Probate & Other Court Records • 41 Records • Added October 29, 2021 • www.virginiamemory.com

This source was extracted from data provided under Creative Commons from the Library of Virginia’s VIRGINIA UNTOLD: THE AFRICAN AMERICAN NARRATIVE project. The Library’s African American Narrative project a…


Virginia Colonization Board Journal of Proceedings (Library of Virginia African American Narratives project)

Manumission & Freedom • 2 Records • Added November 1, 2021 • www.virginiamemory.com

This source was extracted from data provided under Creative Commons from the Library of Virginia’s VIRGINIA UNTOLD: THE AFRICAN AMERICAN NARRATIVE project. The Library’s African American Narrative project a…


Virginia Commonwealth Causes (Accomack County), 1815-1863 (Library of Virginia African American Narratives project)

Miscellaneous • 308 Records • Added October 29, 2021 • www.virginiamemory.com

This source was extracted from data provided under Creative Commons from the Library of Virginia’s VIRGINIA UNTOLD: THE AFRICAN AMERICAN NARRATIVE project. The Library’s African American Narrative project a…


Virginia Coroner's Inquisitions for Accomack County (1806-1873) and Northampton County (1728-1868) (Library of Virginia African American Narratives project)

Miscellaneous • 126 Records • Added October 29, 2021 • www.virginiamemory.com

This source was extracted from data provided under Creative Commons from the Library of Virginia’s VIRGINIA UNTOLD: THE AFRICAN AMERICAN NARRATIVE project. The Library’s African American Narrative project a…


Virginia Deeds of Emancipation (Accomack County), 1701-1838 (Library of Virginia African American Narratives project)

Manumission & Freedom • 716 Records • Added October 29, 2021 • www.virginiamemory.com

This source was extracted from data provided under Creative Commons from the Library of Virginia’s VIRGINIA UNTOLD: THE AFRICAN AMERICAN NARRATIVE project. The Library’s African American Narrative project a…


Virginia Free Negro Registrations , 1793-1861 (Library of Virginia African American Narratives project)

Censuses & Lists • 32 Records • Added October 29, 2021 • www.virginiamemory.com

This source was extracted from data provided under Creative Commons from the Library of Virginia’s VIRGINIA UNTOLD: THE AFRICAN AMERICAN NARRATIVE project. The Library’s African American Narrative project a…


Virginia Free Negro Requisitions for Public Use (Accomack County) (Library of Virginia African American Narratives project)

Military • 39 Records • Added October 29, 2021 • www.virginiamemory.com

This source was extracted from data provided under Creative Commons from the Library of Virginia’s VIRGINIA UNTOLD: THE AFRICAN AMERICAN NARRATIVE project. The Library’s African American Narrative project a…


Virginia Free Negro Tax Records (Accomack County) (Library of Virginia African American Narratives project)

Censuses & Lists • 11,702 Records • Added October 29, 2021 • www.virginiamemory.com

This source was extracted from data provided under Creative Commons from the Library of Virginia’s VIRGINIA UNTOLD: THE AFRICAN AMERICAN NARRATIVE project. The Library’s African American Narrative project a…


Virginia Freedom Suits, 1723-1860 (Library of Virginia African American Narratives project)

Manumission & Freedom • 48 Records • Added November 1, 2021 • www.virginiamemory.com

This source was extracted from data provided under Creative Commons from the Library of Virginia’s VIRGINIA UNTOLD: THE AFRICAN AMERICAN NARRATIVE project. The Library’s African American Narrative project a…


Virginia Indentures of Apprenticeship (Accomack County), 1802-1818 (Library of Virginia African American Narratives project)

Probate & Other Court Records • 9 Records • Added November 1, 2021 • www.virginiamemory.com

This source was extracted from data provided under Creative Commons from the Library of Virginia’s VIRGINIA UNTOLD: THE AFRICAN AMERICAN NARRATIVE project. The Library’s African American Narrative project a…


Virginia Legislative Petitions, 1776-1853 (Library of Virginia African American Narratives project)

Miscellaneous • 45 Records • Added November 1, 2021 • www.virginiamemory.com

This source was extracted from data provided under Creative Commons from the Library of Virginia’s VIRGINIA UNTOLD: THE AFRICAN AMERICAN NARRATIVE project. The Library’s African American Narrative project a…


Virginia Petitions to Remain in the Commonwealth, 1846-1866 (Library of Virginia African American Narratives project)

Miscellaneous • 80 Records • Added November 1, 2021 • www.virginiamemory.com

This source was extracted from data provided under Creative Commons from the Library of Virginia’s VIRGINIA UNTOLD: THE AFRICAN AMERICAN NARRATIVE project. The Library’s African American Narrative project a…


Virginia Public Claims, 1792-1858 (Library of Virginia African American Narratives project)

Miscellaneous • 69 Records • Added November 1, 2021 • www.virginiamemory.com

This source was extracted from data provided under Creative Commons from the Library of Virginia’s VIRGINIA UNTOLD: THE AFRICAN AMERICAN NARRATIVE project. The Library’s African American Narrative project a…


Virginia Runaway Slave Records, (Accomack County, 1826, 1839) (Library of Virginia African American Narratives project)

Miscellaneous • 9 Records • Added November 1, 2021 • www.virginiamemory.com

This source was extracted from data provided under Creative Commons from the Library of Virginia’s VIRGINIA UNTOLD: THE AFRICAN AMERICAN NARRATIVE project. The Library’s African American Narrative project a…


Voter Registration Roll, Accomack County, Temperanceville district

Voter Registration • 115 Records • Added July 7, 2021 • espl-genealogy.org

This “List of Colored Voters Registered at Temperanceville Precinct in Atlantic Magisterial District” comes from the collections of the Eastern Shore Public Library. Registrations date from 1902 to the 19…


Voter Registration Roll, Somerset County, Asbury district

Voter Registration • 91 Records • Added July 7, 2021

Voter Registration Roll, Wicomico County, Barren Creek district

Voter Registration • 83 Records • Added July 7, 2021

Voter Registration Rolls, Somerset County, 1870-1873

Voter Registration • 2,969 Records • Added November 1, 2021

Wicomico County Marriage Records, 1867-1887

Miscellaneous • 497 Records • Added November 1, 2021

Transcribed by L. Paul Morris, these records from 1867-1887 document marriages between people of color in Wicomico County, Maryland. The records were recorded from Liber T.F.J.R. and reference sheets are listed…


Worcester County Marriage Records, 1795-1865

Probate & Other Court Records • 41 Records • Added October 11, 2021

Extractions of records transcribed by Jody Powell in "Worcester County Maryland Marriage Records, 1795-1865."