Edward H. Nabb Research Center for Delmarva History & Culture Enduring Connections: Exploring Delmarva's Black History

Source Information

1860 U.S. Census Free Blacks

Censuses & Lists • 22,907 Records • Uploaded July 6, 2021

The 1860 census was the eighth census recorded in the United States. These records include all individuals who were listed as 'Black' or 'Mulatto' in the field that denoted racial identity. For individuals who lived in the household of a white family, the transcriber notes may indicate "in HH [household] of ____."

Census records are preserved at the National Archives and Records Administration, which makes digitized copies of the censuses available through digitization partners. These partners include FamilySearch and HeritageQuest (accessible with most local library cards directly from website; for example, see Wicomico Public Libraries' database listings).

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Fields Included

The list below shows the data fields included in this source. If a field is marked as Indexed, it is searchable.

  • County
  • District Indexed
  • Page Number
  • Line Number
  • Dwelling Number
  • Family Number
  • First Name Indexed
  • Surname Indexed
  • Age
  • Sex
  • Color
  • Occupation Indexed
  • Value of person's real estate Indexed
  • Value of person's personal estate
  • Place of Birth Indexed
  • Was the person was married within the last year?
  • Did the person attend school within the last year?
  • If the person was over 20 years of age, could he not read or write?
  • Was the person deaf and dumb, blind, idiotic, pauper, or convict? Indexed
  • Transcriber Notes Indexed
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