PHED 135: Foundations of Physical Education

Open PHED 135 LibGuide

in another browser window to work through this tutorial side by side.

This tutorial is intended to assist students in PHED 135 with the professional article review assignment. It will show you how to generate a topic with keywords, then search for an article in one of the Libraries' many databases, and cite that article in APA-style.

Let's get started!

Topic & Keywords

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Let's start from the first page of the course guide- "Topic & Keywords"- created for this class.

Getting started is often the hardest part of any project. In coming up with a topic to look into, think of areas of physical education you're interested in, populations you may want to work with, or topics that you've seen in the news.

For this article critique, I'm focusing on yoga as a part of physical education curriculum. I found this blog post titled "Mindfulness and Yoga in Physical Education" when searching online and it piqued my interest in the topic.

Topic & Keywords

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From reading the article, we can use the information to generate some ideas and identify keywords to use when searching in the databases. Keywords are the main ideas and concepts of your topic. In this instance, the keywords we'll use are:

  • yoga
  • physical education

You could also use:

  • yoga practice
  • high school
  • elementary school

At this point, you should have a topic in mind (found through searching on the web or from class material) and several keywords developed. We'll now use these keywords to find a scholarly article to use for the assignment.

Critically Evaluate Information

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Let's move on to the next tab in the course guide- "Critically Evaluate Information."

For college-level research, you'll want to consider using only the highest-quality information sources you can find. Between the internet and SU’s library, the “best” information can depend on the assignment.

For this assignment, you'll need a "scholarly article"- what does that actually mean?

Critically Evaluate Information

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The oversimplified answer is: a scholarly article is one that is written by either an academic or professional expert.

But there are other aspects that make an article "scholarly." Please refer to "Anatomy of a Scholarly Article," created by NC State Libraries, to see other ways of identifying this type of article.

Critically Evaluate Information

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There are other ways to evaluate articles, as well, besides just determining if it's scholarly or not. Referring to the course guide, you can also use the CRAAP Method, outlined fully on the guide, to gauge the efficacy of the article for your assignment.

  • C: Currency
  • R: Relevancy
  • A: Authority
  • A: Accuracy
  • P: Purpose

Of the articles you come across in your searching, use the CRAAP Method to evaluate your article and use the criteria within your article critique.

Critically Evaluate Information

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Review the following two articles (also linked on the LibGuide). Identify which article would be suitable for this article review assignment.

Article 1: Finnan, C. (2015). Getting on the mat: Teachers and students engaging in yoga together. Childhood Education, 91(6), 463–468.

Article 2: Hagins, M., & Rundle, A. (2016). Yoga improves academic performance in urban high school students compared to physical education: A randomized controlled trial. Mind, Brain & Education, 10(2), 105–116.

Which article is suitable for this assignment?

Find Articles

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Now that you know the type of article you're looking for, let's walk you through how to access the databases and find an article to use for the assignment. Let's move on to the next tab in the course guide- "Find Articles."

Find Articles

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Listed on the course guide are several article databases you can use to find scholarly articles. This tutorial is going to focus on SPORTDiscus, but you're encouraged to explore the other databases.

Opening SPORTDiscus, this is the screen you should see:
SPORTDiscus database opening page

Once in the database, you'll be able to use the keywords you've developed to search for an article to use in your critique.

Inputing developed keywords of yoga and physical education

Find Articles

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Looking through the results list, you'll notice a few things. Some results will have the full text of the article in PDF format, which is the ideal situation:

Results list in SPORTDiscus with full-text articles

At this point, you can go into the article, download/print/save to a drive account, etc., and start completing your critique assignment.

For other articles, you'll notice that there isn't PDF full text access, but instead a yellow "Find It" button.

Results list in SPORTDiscus with FindIt article

In this instance, click the "Find It" button to see if we have access to the article in another database (we have over 170 databases, so it's possible). Otherwise, you can follow the links to request the article through interlibrary loan.

Want to learn more about interlibrary loan (ILL)? The ILL tutorial can show you how you can create your ILL account and place holds for articles and books.

Take the time to find your article now using the keywords you developed in the first part of this tutorial.

Citing Sources in APA

Now that you have your article, let's move on to the next tab in the course guide- "Cite Sources."

For this assignment, you'll need to provide an APA-style citation for the article about which you've written. There are several resources you can use to help you with your citations:

Also, here is a sample APA-style citation for a journal article:

Format: Author's last name, Initial(s). (Date of publication). Title of the article. Journal Title, volume number(issue number), pages.

Example: Carter, K. (1995). Teaching stories and local understandings. Journal of Educational Research, 88(6), 326-330.

Have questions?

Still have questions? Feel free to contact me and I'll be happy to help you out with your research.

Contact me at:

Caroline Eckardt
cmeckardt@salisbury.edu
GAC 132
(410) 548-5972

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